The establishment of DDRI in Yazd University based on the fact that natural deserts have extended in Iran and because of human activities the area of anthropogenic desert have increased. This phenomenon causes land degradation and decreases environmental capability. Some aspects of desertification are water erosion, wind erosion, salinisation and alkalinisation.This critical condition cause to recognize the necessity of establishing DDRI that concentrates on dryland, arid and hyper arid zones and desertification.
The Institute is a comprehensive professional organization engaged in study fields of desert, natural desert, anthropogenic desert, desertification, combat desertification, arid and hyper arid soils, salt affected soils, saline and sodic soil reclamation, wind erosion and sediment, water erosion and sediment, water shed management, range management, botany, desert ecology, geomorphology, forestry in arid zones, mine and climatologic. In addition, the institute adheres to work in fields of desert human harmony and ancient Knowledge.